Scientific mind imagination intuition

the art of scientific investigation

It has been suggested that dreams are involved in the reactivation of cerebral circuits stimulated during wakefulness in a way that reinforces the new connections Stickgold, ; Stickgold et al.

Scientific concepts often begin with those used in ordinary language for the affairs, of everyday life, but they develop quite differently.

Intuition leading to scientific discovery

Beveridge goes on to argue that intuition is really a pattern of ideas that forms as we accumulate experiences and education, and even relates this to our well-documented fear of being wrong : The instinctive sense of irritation we feel when someone disagrees with us or when some fact arises which is contrary to our beliefs may be due to the break in the pattern we have formed. For example, experimental studies have shown that when children engage with creative content or watch others be highly creative, they become more creative themselves. It has been showed that the DMN is characterized by high intrinsic activity during resting states with visual fixating or with eye closed that decreases when subjects engage in goal-directed tasks Gusnard et al. Vague ideas captured on flights of fancy have to be reduced to specific propositions and hypotheses. Beveridge offers a brilliant articulation of the combinatorial creativity that underlies what we often call intuition: The important thing to realize is that the conjuring up of the idea is not a deliberate, voluntary act. Think of the work as peering through the lens of a microscope in a lab, and the creativity starts to percolate when you take a break from the lab, pick up an instrument, or go for a walk. It is very hard to describe what makes this fundamental evolutionary passage possible, and any attempt in such direction is beyond the scope of this contribution see Carhart-Harris and Friston, ; Northoff et al.

This process is supported by analytical thinking — which is slow and deliberate — allowing us to select the right idea. They have been implicated in the emergence of a primary form of affective consciousness, characterized by moods, somato-visceral states and basic emotional feelings, which constitute the first form of self-orientation in the world Panksepp, b ; Damasio, ; Merker, ; Solms and Panksepp, ; Alcaro and Panksepp, ; Alcaro et al.

The continued development along any line already initiated is more in the nature of evolution, until the next turning point is reached when a still newer field must be conquered. More specifically, orienting and exploratory movements are associated with theta oscillations in the hippocampal complex, coupled with gamma oscillations within the ventro-medial frontal cortex and basal ganglia circuits for a review, see Alcaro and Panksepp, Going with this idea — that intuition results from the unconscious blending of many thoughts and feelings — it should be clear that intuition has something to offer.

Intuition in natural sciences

These interludes helped Einstein connect the dots of his experiments at opportune moments when he picked up the violin. When such configurations become the objects of mind wandering, the unconscious self-referential process elaborated within the DMN is enlightened and transformed into a noetic conscious flux of mental representations Alcaro and Panksepp, To follow up these ideas demands the knowledge of a highly refined technique of investigation 29 … Nearly every great advance in science arises from a crisis in the old theory, through an endeavour to find a way out of the difficulties created. And so I think that I really could sum it up by saying what we need is critical thinking; we need to respect evidence, we need to respect the fact that the only reason to believe anything about the real world is evidence. For example, experimental studies have shown that when children engage with creative content or watch others be highly creative, they become more creative themselves. However, the self-referential processing of the brain may also become accessible to subjective awareness by a process of active imagination that enlightens the intrinsic dispositions of the Self and its prediction models Alcaro and Panksepp, But when you operate in science, you note that people disagree with one another all the time, and things can get quite furious, passionate, or even personal. Such view also fit with the fact that the brainstem nuclei controlling the REM phase are evolutionary oldest that those controlling slow wave sleep and active wakefulness Panksepp, b.

On the Function of Dreams In the attempt to ascertain the adaptive function deserved by the evolution of dreaming, the majority of research and theories focused on its role in the consolidation of memories for a review, see Diekelmann and Born, Think of them as important moments that are part of a sequential creative process that happen while we work and play.

But where does intuition go wrong? One study showed that when students imagined desired outcomes good grades for an upcoming test they performed significantly worse than students who imagined the process getting to the desired outcomes imagining studying thoroughly.

However, healthy adults of our modern society it generally shows a new and more mature form of cognition, characterized by the ability to form metacognition and to self-reflection Shimamura, ; Fleming et al. For example, experimental studies have shown that when children engage with creative content or watch others be highly creative, they become more creative themselves.

Given that science is centred around rational arguments, where does intuition come in? So intuition is very important, but it is important that scientists should not be so wedded to their intuition that they omit the very important testing phase, and if their hypothesis is disproved they should regard that as a reason to reject the hypothesis or modify it, not a reason to just carry on doggedly sticking to the hypothesis because they are intuitively committed to it.

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Einstein’s Unique Approach to Thinking